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Lancaster UK


The Lancaster was literally the 'phoenix that rose from the ashes' of the disastrous Manchester programme of 1940-41. The latter machine was powered by two Rolls-Royce Vultures, and boasted a layout near-identical to the Lancaster, but was plagued by grave engine reliability problems. Avro realised that its airframe design was essentially right, however, and turned to Rolls-Royce and demanded access to its Merlin powerplant. The Manchester had been chronically underpowered, so Avro ensured that its replacement suffered no such problems by installing four Merlin xs. The prototype flew on 9 January 1941, an order for 1070 bombers was placed just months later and the first production machines emerged that October. Some 59 Bomber Command units saw service with the Lancaster, flying 156,000 sorties and dropping 608,612 tons of bombs and 51 million incendiaries. A total of 7377 airframes were built, this number being split between five marks. Post-war, Lancasters survived in maritime patrol, transport and test trials roles until the late 1950s



Engines: 4 Rolls-Royce Merlin 24

Thrust: 5120hp

Length: 69ft 6in

Span: 102ft 0in

Max speed: 287mph

Range: 2530 miles

Aircrew: 7/9

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Lancaster Lancaster